Fun Facts

HISTORY
Capital: San Jose
Government type: Democratic republic
Independence from Spain: September 15, 1821
Constitution established November 7, 1949

GOVERNMENT
Chief of State: President Laura Chinchilla Miranda
First Vice President: Alfio Piva Mesen
Second Vice President: Luis Liberman Ginsburg
President and Vice Presidents elected by popular vote
All Presidents and Vice Presidents serve a single four year term
Last election held February 2010; Next election February 2014
Supreme Court of Justice consists of 22 judges
Supreme Court judges elected by National Assembly

GEOGRAPHY
Location: Central America
Boarder by: Nicaragua (North) and Panama (South)
Sits in between the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean
Size of Costa Rica is slightly smaller then West Virginia
Natural resources: hydropower

SOCIETY
Nationality: Costa Rican
Spanish is the official language although English is widely practiced
2013 estimated population: 4,695,942
Costa Rica provides high standards of living through sustained social spending –approximately 20% of GDP annually – it achieves its goal of providing universal access to education, healthcare, clean water, sanitation and electricity

ECONOMY
Agriculture products: bananas, pineapples, coffee, melons, ornamental plants, sugar, corn, rice, beans, potatoes, beef, poultry, dairy, timber
Major economic industries: microprocessors, food processing, medical equipment, textiles and clothing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastic products
Export commodities: bananas, pineapples, coffee, melons, ornamental plants, sugar, beef, seafood, electronic components, medical equipment
Export partners: US, Chine, Netherlands, UK, Mexico
Import commodities: raw materials, consumer goods, capital equipment, petroleum, construction materials
Import partners: US, Japan, Mexico, China

FUN FACTS
CR FLAG: BLUE stripe stands for the sky, opportunity & perseverance
CR FLAG: WHITE stripe stands for peace, happiness and wisdom
CR FLAG: RED stripe stands for blood shed for freedom & vibrancy and generosity of the people
NATIONAL ANTHEM adopted in 1949: “Himno Nacional de Costa Rica”
The anthem’s music was originally written for an 1853 welcome ceremony for diplomatic missions from the US and UK